A Cross Sectional Study to Evaluate the Prevalence, Risk Factors and Comorbidities of Allergic Rhinitis among School Going Children

Authors

  • Smitha B
  • Swapna U P

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i3.19422

Keywords:

Allergic rhinitis, children, asthma,prevalence, risk factors

Abstract

Background: Allergic rhinitis is a common disease affecting children and adults all over the world. The prevalence
of allergic rhinitis has significantly increased among children in developing countries. It has a significant effect
on the quality of life and performance of children. There are only a few studies in India on the prevalence of
allergic rhinitis.This was a hospital based cross sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence, risk factors and
associated co -morbidities among school going children.
Methods: This was a hospital based observational cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care medical
college hospital of Kerala for a period of one year. A questionnaire was distributed to 200 parents of children aged
3 to 15 years attending the out-patient department. The questionnaire was prepared based on the one developed
by ISSAC Steering committee (International Study of Asthma and allergies in childhood) with some additional
questions. Questions regarding the symptoms, risk factors and co morbidities were asked and the responses were
analyzed.
Conclusion: In our study we found a high prevalence of allergic rhinitis among children. Moderate - severe
persistent was the most commontype. It was associated with various co- morbidities

Author Biographies

  • Smitha B

    Assistant Professor, Department of ENT,  SUT Academy of Medical Sciences Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

  • Swapna U P

    Professor and Head of the department ENT, SUT Academy of Medical Sciences Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

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Published

2023-06-21

How to Cite

A Cross Sectional Study to Evaluate the Prevalence, Risk Factors and Comorbidities of Allergic Rhinitis among School Going Children. (2023). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 14(3), 316-320. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i3.19422