Awareness about Sickle Cell Disease among the Female Students in KAU-Rabigh, Saudi Arabia, 2020, A Cross Sectional Study
Keywords:Sickle cell disease, Inheritance, female Students, Rabigh
Background: In Saudi Arabia, Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a relatively common inherited disorder. In spite
ofobligatorypremarital genetic counseling, no significant changes in SCD prevalence over the last 15 years.
Awareness regarding SCD is a way in trying of controlling and modify the problem. The aimis to assess the level
of awareness about people living with SCD among undergraduate female Students at King Abdulaziz University,
Methods: A total of 351 female students were included in our cross-sectional study. Data were collected by a
Results: Good awareness regarding SCD was detected only in 26.78% of the participants. Association between
awareness and socioeconomic data detected that most of the students with good awareness were unmarried
(97.9%), a higher level of awareness was in the medical students (51.1%), and in the higher academic years (59.5%
were in fifth and fourth years).
Conclusion: There was inadequate awareness of SCD, to reduce the incidence, we suggest effective public health
education for sickle cell trait and SCD in strategic places such as schools, media,and health centers to address
misconceptions and increase knowledge as well as an understanding of the risks of having a child with SCD and
influence the personal reproductive decision.
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