Prevalence & Reasons of Substance Abuse among Adolescent boys of an Underserved Rural Community of Southern Haryana: A Preliminary Study

Authors

  • Anil Kumar
  • Pawan Goel
  • Neeraj Gour
  • Abhishek Singh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/76e4gj05

Keywords:

burden, substance abuse, India, rural

Abstract

Background: Early initiation of substance abuse is usually associated with a poor prognosis and a more serious
impact on health, education, familial, or social relationships. Substance abuse may lead to behavioural problems,
relationship difficulties and may cause disruption in studies, and even dropping out of school. This study aims to
assess prevalence & reasons of substance abuse among adolescent boys (15-19 years) in rural areas of district Nuh.
Materials and Methods: Adolescent boys in the age group of 15 -19 years formed the study population. Houseto-
house survey was conducted in all the selected villages for data collection. A complete line listing of male
adolescents (15-19 years) was done in each village. Then study subjects were chosen by simple random sampling.
A total of 300 respondent eligible study subjects were interviewed to collect information.
Results: The prevalence of substance abuse among study subjects was found to be 42%. Tobacco abuse was 36.0%
(n=108, both smokeless and smoked), followed by alcohol 2.33% (n=07), opioids & pharmaceutical products 1.33%
each (n=4). Of total 126, substance abuser, 77.7% (n=98) have friends who were indulge in substance abuse. Other
major reasons for substance abuse were to cheer-up (38.1%), and peer pressure (35.7%). 19.8% subjects started
abusing substance after drop in their academic performance.
Conclusion: The burden of substance abuse was 42.0% among study subjects. It’s an alarming situation considering
rural area. As the findings pertain to adolescent boys in the age group of 15 -19 years, preventive strategies need to
be strengthened so as to curb this problem before it shows its deleterious effects in later phase of life.

Author Biographies

  • Anil Kumar

    Post Graduate Student Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana

  • Pawan Goel

    Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana.

  • Neeraj Gour

    Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana.

  • Abhishek Singh

    Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana

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Published

2024-01-05

How to Cite

Prevalence & Reasons of Substance Abuse among Adolescent boys of an Underserved Rural Community of Southern Haryana: A Preliminary Study. (2024). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 15(1), 15-18. https://doi.org/10.37506/76e4gj05