Evaluating Spectrum of Epithelial Cell Abnormalities in Cervical Cytology Smears with a Focus on Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance (ASCUS): A Study in Eastern India
Keywords:ASCUS, Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia, Uterine Cervical Dysplasia.
Background: Cervical cancer being one of the major causes of death in women living in developing countries like
India, this study evaluates the spectrum of epithelial cell abnormality while primarily focusing on the prevalence
of ASCUS and their correlation with predisposing factors.
Materials and Methods: Descriptive type of study was conducted over 456 patients. Patients underwent per
speculum examination followed by cervical smear examination. Cervical lesions were categorized according to
Revised Bethesda system, 2014.HPV detection & sequencing was done as required.
Results and conclusion: ASCUS was most prevalent in the sexually active age group (7.01%). The incidence of
intraepithelial lesions among multiparous women was high (50.8%). Early coital age, smoking, poor economic
conditions, multiple sexual partners, contraceptive usage and HPV infection were associated with higher chances
of squamous cell abnormality.
Cervicitis, cervical erosion, and hypertrophic cervix need careful investigation for the presence of ASCUS due to
its high prevalence in sexually active females in Eastern India. Henceforth, addressing these factors and spreading
awareness about early diagnosis, necessary treatment, HPV vaccination along with the maintenance of proper
sexual and menstrual hygiene becomes a cornerstone in the reduction of the overall burden of atypical cervical
cytology and finally, cervical cancer.
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