Morbidity Pattern Amongst Women of Reproductive Age Group (15-44 Years) Residing in Rural and Urban Field Practice Areas of Government Medical College, Amritsar: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Sandeep kaur
  • M.L. Sharma
  • Sanjeev Mahajan
  • Tejbir Singh
  • Vineet Bal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/d5c7zn53

Keywords:

Morbidity pattern, Reproductive age group, Gynecological system.

Abstract

Background: Health of a woman in the family is far more important because whole family revolves around her.
Any deviation from the state of normal physical, mental and social well being is morbidity and the morbidity in
women at any stage of the life cycle , more so during reproductive age group, adversely affects the quality of life of
her own as well as that of whole family. It creates hinderances in the overall development at the individual level
and that of the nation as well.
Objectives: To assess the morbidity pattern of women in reproductive age group (15-44 years).
Material and methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted on the females of reproductive age group (15-44
years) in rural and urban field practice areas of Government Medical College, Amritsar from 1st March 2021 to
28th Feb. 2022. Sample size was calculated using formula N ≥ Z 2 × P × (1-P) / d2 . A pre-tested, semi structured
questionnaire was used for collection of the required data.
Participants: All females in the age group of 15-44 years who gave a consent to participate in the study were
selected. Any female with any congenital disease / malformation / intellectual disability, pregnant female and
females who failed to give written informed consent / not willing for participation in the study were excluded.
Results: Out of 330 study participants, 146 (44.2%) had one or more types of morbidities at the time of
study. The majority (95%) of these morbidities were chronic in nature while a small proportion i.e. 5% were acute.
The system involved in multiple morbidities was reproductive and gynaecological system in majority (43.8%) of
study participants which was followed by cardiovascular system (9.6%), musculoskeletal system (9.3%), central
nervous system (4.2%), metabolic, ENT and urinary system (3.9% each), gastrointestinal system (3.3%), skin (2.4%)
and respiratory system (2.1%).
Conclusions: The pattern of morbidity in females of reproductive age group turned out to be Reproductive and
Gynecological inclusive of menstrual disturbances, PID, fibroid, RTIs, STIs, vaginal discharge etc. followed by
cardiovascular system (9.6%), musculoskeletal system (9.3%), central nervous system (4.2%), metabolic, ENT and
urinary system (3.9% each), gastrointestinal system (3.3%), skin (2.4%) and respiratory system (2.1%).

Author Biographies

  • Sandeep kaur

    Junior Resident,  Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab

  • M.L. Sharma

    Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab.

  • Sanjeev Mahajan

    Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab

  • Tejbir Singh

    Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab

  • Vineet Bal

    Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab.

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Published

2024-01-05

How to Cite

Morbidity Pattern Amongst Women of Reproductive Age Group (15-44 Years) Residing in Rural and Urban Field Practice Areas of Government Medical College, Amritsar: A Cross-Sectional Study. (2024). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 15(1), 310-316. https://doi.org/10.37506/d5c7zn53