A Cross Sectional Study to Measure the level of Depression and the Quality of life among the Geriatric Population Residing in Old Age Home
Keywords:elderly people; geriatric population; old age home; institutional; vriddhashram; non institutional; depression; depressive disorders; quality of life.
Background: Aging can cause reduced physical and mental ability, economic dependence, and depression in the
elderly, lowering their quality of life. The study aims to determine depression prevalence and assess quality of life
among geriatric populations in Old Age Homes.
Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among the elderly (age≥60 years) residing in an
old age home (n=90) in district Bhopal (M.P). Multistage simple random sampling was used to select the study
participants in all elderly people living in the OAH were included. The tools used are Geriatric Depression Scale-
Hindi (GDS-H) to estimate the level of depression and The World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF
(WHOQOL-BREF) in Hindi to assess the quality of life.
Results: The prevalence of depression in OAH nearly 90 percent were suffering from depression either mild (61.11
percent) or severe (27.78 percent).
Conclusion: This study also revealed that the level of depression is inversely proportional to the quality of life. As
the level of depression increases the quality of life of an elderly individual decreases.
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