A Cross-Sectional Study on Physical Activity Patterns and Dietary Habits of a Nursing College Students in Central Karnataka
Keywords:Non communicable diseases, modifiable risk factors, physical activity pattern, dietary habits.
Introduction: Nutritional habits and physical activity influence the health status of young adults. Noncommunicable
diseases (NCDs) such as obesity and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the major human
health problems of 21st century. NCD risk factors like sedentary lifestyle, increased consumption of diet rich
in sugar, fats and salt, tobacco and alcohol consumption are increasingly found among youth. Having proper
dietary habits (nutritional behaviour) and moderate physical exercise are the best methods for reducing
Objectives: To assess patterns of physical activity and dietary habits followed by students studying at a nursing
college in Chitradurga.
Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study. Assessments, by questionnaire, included daily food intake, frequency
of consuming foodstuffs with an adequate nutritional value and evaluating adverse dietary habits and types of
physical activity undertaken.
Results: 175 students participated in the study. Physical activities of moderate and vigorous intensity were
followed by 65.7% and 65.1% students respectively. Foods with good nutritional value were consumed in lesser
quantities. 14.9% consumed < 1 vegetable serving/day, 38.3% consumed < 1 fruit serving / week. There were
students who did not consume vegetables (8%) or fruits (14.9%) at all. Higher frequencies (2-6 days/week) of
consumption of junk food (12.6%) and soft drinks (10.3%) were found.
Conclusion: It is an encouraging fact to know that students were involved in moderate or vigorous physical
activities on regular basis. Whereas healthy dietary practice was less and consumption of junk food and soft
drinks was more. Present study highlights areas of nutritional concerns that must be addressed to bring
about reduction in proportion of modifiable risk factors of NCDs among youth in health care professional
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