Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among Healthcare Professionals Regarding Hepatitis B Infection and Vaccination in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • Suraj Sirohi
  • Shivam Dixit
  • A.K.Khatri
  • Ayushi Shrivastava
  • Shweta Goswami

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/937j5378

Keywords:

Hepatitis B, Healthcare workers, Hepatitis B vaccination, prevention.

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B infection is an occupational risk for Healthcare workers (HCWs).[3] They have a greater
risk of acquiring HBV infection due to exposure to blood or bodily fluids. Compared to the general population, the
risk is four times higher for this group of professionals. The present study was carried out to know the vaccination
status of Hepatitis B; assess knowledge and attitude towards Hepatitis B vaccination; and to assess the awareness
about Hepatitis B infection among health care professionals.
Methods and Materials: A cross sectional study was conducted in the MY Hospital, Indore for a period of 6
months after getting approval from institutional ethics committee. The sample size of 210 healthcare professionals
was selected using simple random sampling technique. The data was collected by using a pre-designed, validated
semi-structured questionnaire. Data collected through the questionnaires were coded, entered into a database and
analysed using a statistical software SPSS version 25(trial version).
Results: 63.81% of HCWs knew about HBV infection. 43.81% were aware about its spread through saliva. 77.36%
doctors, 74.78% nurses and 80.95% of the other health care workers never used PPE while handling blood and
body fluids. All the doctors, 54.78% nurses and 21.43 of others knew about the HBV vaccine (p-value<0.00001).
88.68% doctors and 41.27% nurses and only 33.33% of the other staff knew that there were three doses of HBV
vaccine. Majority of the doctors (83.02%) and nurses (53.04%) had received HBV vaccine, while 69.05% of other
health care workers did not receive any dose of HBV vaccine.
Conclusion: The study shows that complete knowledge regarding the hepatitis B infection, its mode of transmission,
preventive measures and screening is still lacking among the health care workers. Although doctors seem to be the
most knowledgeable, there is a need to improve the knowledge and practices among the other workers as well.

Author Biographies

  • Suraj Sirohi

    Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College & MY Hospital, Indore (M.P.).

  • Shivam Dixit

    Assistant Professor (Statistics),Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College & MY Hospital, Indore (M.P.).

  • A.K.Khatri

    Professor,Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College & MY Hospital, Indore (M.P.).

  • Ayushi Shrivastava

    PG Resident,Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College & MY Hospital, Indore (M.P.).

  • Shweta Goswami

    Medical Graduate,Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College & MY Hospital, Indore (M.P.).

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Published

2024-01-05

How to Cite

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among Healthcare Professionals Regarding Hepatitis B Infection and Vaccination in a Tertiary Care Hospital. (2024). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 15(1), 350-356. https://doi.org/10.37506/937j5378