Chronic Mania-A Case Report


  • Jai Prakash Narayan
  • Dwarika Verma
  • RameezUl Islam



bipolar disorder, mania , depression , electroconvulsive therapy.


Bipolar disorder is a phasic mental disorder characterized by the presence of (hypo) maniac, depressive and/or mixed
episodes during the course of the disease. A 70 year man, with no prior history of depressive episodes, began to suffer
a picture of manic characteristics as an adolescent. Despite the numerous drug treatments prescribed, there has been
no improvement, and the disorder has followed a torpid and chronic course. Chronic unipolar mania is a clinical entity
appearing as a residual characteristic in the current psychiatric nosology. Its low prevalence makes it difficult to carry
out research aimed at elucidating whether it has a subordinate or independent relationship with the bipolar disorder. A
systematic assessment of the effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy is needed in these patients.

Author Biographies

  • Jai Prakash Narayan

    Associate professor, dept.of Psychiatry, FH Medical College

  • Dwarika Verma

    resident, dept.of Psychiatry, FH Medical College

  • RameezUl Islam

    resident, dept.of Psychiatry, FH Medical College




How to Cite

Chronic Mania-A Case Report. (2022). International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing , 9(1), 24-26.