Assessment of Knowledge and Attitude Towards Alzheimer’s Dementia Among Middle Aged Adults in Selected Rural Community

Authors

  • Nelcy Mariam Prasad
  • T.R. Manjula
  • Sweety C
  • Sajith S
  • Manisha M
  • Durai Prakash Raj

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpn.v9i2.19606

Keywords:

Alzheimer’s dementia, knowledge, attitude, Middle aged adults, rural community

Abstract

Background: Alzheimer’s dementia is one of the common global health concerns among older population that
can lead them towards disability and dependency [1]. However, the knowledge and attitudes towards Alzheimer’s
dementia among middle aged adults remain unknown [2]. This study assessed the knowledge and attitude towards
Alzheimer’s dementia among middle aged adults in rural community.
Objective: To assess the level of knowledge and attitude among middle aged adults towards Alzheimer’s dementia
and to associate the knowledge and attitude with selected demographic variables of middle-aged adults.
Methods: A quantitative descriptive study was conducted in rural community people in Poonjeri, Chengalpattu
district, Tamil Nadu. A total of 210 respondents ranging from 36 to 55 years were selected using a non-probability
systematic sampling method. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data in the study population to assess
knowledge and attitude towards Alzheimer’s dementia among them. The data collected were properly screened
before they were analysed.
Results: A total of 210 participants, the majority 58.5% of participants were in the age group between 18-39 and
most of them were female 71.1%. Study revealed that (62%) of middle-aged adults had moderately adequate
knowledge (34%) had adequate knowledge and (2%) of middle-aged adults had inadequate knowledge regarding
Alzheimer dementia and 81% had favourable attitude, whereas 15% of them had moderately favourable attitude
and 2% had unfavourable attitude regarding Alzheimer’s dementia. There was significant association between the
demographic characteristics of gender (p value=0.006), marital status (p value=0.0001), educational qualification
(p value=0.012), occupation (p value=0.0084) and type of health information (p value=0.0001). Demographic
variables including gender (p value=0.0004), marital status (p value= 0.0061) and type of health information
resources (p value=0.00001) were significantly associated with the attitude regarding Alzheimer’s dementia.
Conclusion: The majority of middle-aged adults in selected rural community have positive attitudes towards
patients with Alzheimer’s dementia, and a significant number have moderately adequate knowledge of the same.Continuous health education is suggested to improve knowledge of dementia in this population. Furthermore,studies are recommended to understand the perception in the general population.

Author Biographies

  • Nelcy Mariam Prasad

    Bsc Nursing III rd year students, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and
    Education, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu District, Tamil Nadu, India

  • T.R. Manjula

    AssociateProfessor, Department of Mental Health Nursing, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettiand Academy of Research and Education, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu District, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Sweety C

    Bsc Nursing III rd year students, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and
    Education, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu District, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Sajith S

    Bsc Nursing III rd year students, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and
    Education, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu District, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Manisha M

    Bsc Nursing III rd year students, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and
    Education, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu District, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Durai Prakash Raj

    Bsc Nursing III rd year students, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and
    Education, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu District, Tamil Nadu, India

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Published

2023-07-31

How to Cite

Assessment of Knowledge and Attitude Towards Alzheimer’s Dementia Among Middle Aged Adults in Selected Rural Community. (2023). International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing , 9(2), 25-29. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpn.v9i2.19606