Phenomenological Study: Family Acceptance Who Living with Transgender in Malang Indonesia
Transgender is a term that refers to individuals with identity or expression of gender that different withthe
identified gender at birth, phisicaly. Transgender is divided into two, namely, Individuals assigned as female
at birth but identify themselves as male (Transman) and Individuals assigned as male at birth but identify
themselves as female (Transwoman). Based on the results of preliminary studies that have been conducted
by the researchers, the family in accepting a transgender of family members need a process that is not easy.
This process involves the recognition of transgender related to the process of disclosure of their identity
to the family. Family still try to negotiate to make their family members do not become a transgender.
When found to rejection by family related their acceptance as a transgender, they prefer to leave the house
and live on the streets. Not a few of the transgender experience rejection from their families are thinking
of suicide or attempted suicide. This study purposed to explore the family acceptance of transgender to
live together. The method used was qualitative research with interpretative phenomenological approach.
Participants in this study were 6 and selected using purposive sampling technique. Data were obtained
through interviews with semi-structured interview guide and open ended questions. Data were analyzed
by using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) and found the results that family acceptance in
this study were emphasized to the economic factors which also played an important role as a transgender
breadwinner in supporting economic of family.