International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing <p>International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing is a double blind peer review international journal which has commenced its publication from January 2015. The journal is half yearly in frequency. The journal covers all aspects of psychiatric nursing . The journal has been assigned ISSN 2394-9465 (Print Version) and ISSN -2395-18OX (Online Version). The journal is indexed in many international <span class="">data bases</span> like Google <span class="">scholar ,</span><span class="">EBSCO ,</span> Pro Quest etc.The journal is open access. </p> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd en-US International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing 2394-9465 A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Environmental Pollution and Control among the School Going Children in a Selected Setting <p>The relationship between the living organisms and the environment is very important to maintain the<br>harmony and smooth survival of the living organisms. Our health depends on our environments’ health.<br>The changing patterns of the diseases made us to think and to inculcate the knowledge needed to preserve a<br>safe environment to the present and future generation. Hence it had been decided to educate school children<br>on environmental pollution prevention and control. A quantitative approach with pre experimental design<br>was adopted in the study. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Institutional Ethical Committee. The<br>study was conducted in the Government Victoria Girls Higher Secondary School, Palakkad. Fifty children<br>between the age group of 10 -12 were selected by using simple random sampling technique. The data<br>were collected by using a structured questionnaire method. The knowledge and attitude of the children<br>on environmental pollution prevention and control were assessed. After conducting the pre-test, structured<br>teaching program was conducted to the selected samples by using lecture method. Pamphlets were given at<br>the end of the session. After a week post test was conducted. The study results revealed that there is significant<br>improvement in the knowledge and attitude of children on environmental pollution prevention and control.<br>Hence, it can be concluded that educating the children may be helpful in preserving and maintaining safe<br>environment for the present and future generation.<br>“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed” - Mahathma Gandhi</p> Jeyadeepa R Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 1 6 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13960 Experience of Psychological Distress: A Qualitative Inquiry Into Female Nursing Students of India <p>Psychological distress defines as a combination of negative emotional symptoms, such as depression,<br>anxiety, and stress. This study explores qualitatively, analyzes thematically, and identifies the causes and<br>consequences of psychological distress among Indian baccalaureate first-year female nursing students<br>at Kerala University of Health Sciences, South India. The participants’ experiences and perspectives<br>are analyzed thematically by using Braun &amp; Clarke’s step -by- step method. In-depth semi-structured<br>interviews (ten participants) and focus group discussions (eight participants) were held to acquire an indepth<br>understanding of the lived experiences. The findings of this qualitative study show that the nursing<br>students endure thought problems (distorted cognitions, distressing thoughts), emotional problems (anxious<br>feelings, emotional stress, depressed mood), behavioral problems (poor social behavior, meaninglessness<br>in life, lack of dedication) physical problems (health-related, academic and clinical issues, financial, family<br>and hostel problems). The researchers found that psychological distress among participants is associated<br>with depression, anxiety, and stress.</p> Joseph J. Kadappuran Rosalito De Guzman Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 7 13 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13961 Systematic Review as A Research Design: A Brief Overview <p>Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are proliferating in medical literature. Systematic reviews are<br>conducted widely in medical science to answer focused and specific clinical research questions. Researchers<br>employ a predetermined, explicit and progressive systematic methodology to comprehensively search for,<br>select, formally evaluate, analyze and cumulate the studies which gives results for stated research problem.<br>Meta-analysis; a further statistical step of systematic review is the statistical pooling of the results of studies.<br>Systematic reviews critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidences and findings to provide a<br>conclusion statement in regards to a specific answerable research question. The fame of systematic review<br>and its application are scarce in India especially in nursing science. This paper tries to simply draw basic<br>steps and concepts of Systematic review, along with guidelines and core methodology to be adopted while<br>doing a Systematic review.</p> Manoj Kumar L Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 14 18 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13962 Perception of Students on E Learning At Selected Institution, Salem <p>Education facilities at a distance have recently been recognized as a mean of providing access to knowledge.<br>The widespread use of information technology (IT) and the mass popularization of the Internet/World Wide<br>Web have meant that opportunities have been identified for developing distance learning activity into a more<br>advanced online environment. A quantitative evaluative research approach with Non experimental survey<br>research design was used to conduct the study among 180 students at Sri Gokulam College of Nursing, Salem<br>using Purposive sampling technique . Descriptive rating scale was used to collect the data. Item analysis was<br>done to assess the perception of students on E Learning . It revealed that majority (82%)statements were<br>agreed by students, equal percentage (9%) of statements were undecided and disagreed by students. Overall<br>mean score of perception of Students on E-Learning was 46.64+_4.5 and mean percentage was 46.64%.<br>Majority of the students (160) had favorable perception on E-Learning and 20(12%) of them had neutral<br>perception on E –Learning.There was significant association found between perception of students with<br>selected demographic variables except the year of study.</p> Nagalakshmi. E K. Tamizharasi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 19 24 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13963 Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge Regarding Sexual Behaviour among Male Students at Selected Degree College in TumkurThe research work undertook was “Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge Regarding Sexual Behavi <p>The research work undertook was “Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge<br>Regarding Sexual Behaviour among Male Students at Selected Degree College in Tumkur.” The<br>objectives of the study were to assess the pre-test knowledge score regarding sexual behaviour among male<br>students at selected Degree College in Tumkur , To assess the post-test knowledge score regarding sexual<br>behaviour among male students at selected Degree College in Tumkur, To evaluate the effectiveness of<br>structured teaching programme by comparing the pre-test and post-test knowledge score regarding sexual<br>behaviour among male students at selected Degree College in Tumkur, To determine the association between<br>the pre-test level of knowledge with selected socio-demographic variables among male students at selected<br>degree college in Tumkur.<br>H1- There will be significant difference between pre-test knowledge score and post-test knowledge score on<br>sexual behaviour among male students at Degree College in Tumkur.<br>H2 - There will be significant association between knowledge and selected socio-demographic variables<br>among male students at Degree College in Tumkur.<br>Quantitative research approach was used in the study. One group pre-test post-test pre experimental design<br>and convenient sampling was used.60 students were selected as samples. Permission from the concerned<br>authority .Consent was obtained from the respective samples, good interpersonal relationship maintained<br>with the samples. Data regarding socio demographic variables and knowledge on sexual behaviour was<br>collected. Followed with a structured teaching program on sexual behaviour and methods to prevent sexual<br>transmitted diseases and a post test was done after one week. There was a significant difference between<br>pre-test knowledge score and post-test knowledge score on sexual behaviour among male students at Degree<br>College in Tumkur.<br>The study also reveals that, there was significant association between knowledge with age, residential area,<br>education of mother and previous sex education class among selected degree college students at Tumkur.</p> Praveen George Joseph Milly Thomas S. Anand Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 25 28 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13964 Assessment of the Level of Coping Strategies in Patients with Depression Attending Psychiatric Outpatient Department at Selected Teritary Care Hospitals Coimbatore <p>Depression is one of the four major diseases in the world. Patients with depression uses different coping styles<br>to cope up with their problems. The objective was to assess the coping strategies adopted by the patients with<br>depression and to find out the association between coping strategies and selected demographic variables. The<br>descriptive study was undertaken among patients with depression and non-probability purposive sampling<br>technique was used. The data was collected using structured questionnaire. In overall 60% of patients have<br>moderate level of coping strategies, 30% of patients have inadequate level of coping strategies and 10% of<br>patients have adequate level coping strategies. There was significant association between the level of coping<br>strategies and the demographic variable like domicile. This study concluded that selected patients with<br>depression had moderate level of coping strategies.</p> Remya Ramachandran Beulah Esther Sherlin. P Esther Lydia Majrin Ann Metilda K Metilda K Poonesh P Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 29 31 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13965 The Level of Test Anxiety among Final Year Bsc. Nursing Students <p>Background: Test anxiety has been a problem for many individuals not only in the workforce, but also in<br>many schools and colleges(Driscoll, Evans , Ramsey and Wheeler 2009).According to Driscoll et al.., when<br>compared to high school students and the general public (17%), nursing students have shown to have over<br>double (55-60%) the rate of moderately high to high test anxiety.<br>Aim: The main purpose of the study is to assess the level of test anxiety among nursing students and to<br>associate test anxiety with selected demographic variables.<br>Methodology: A quantitative descriptive design was used. A sample of 30 final year B. Sc. nursing students<br>in MTPG &amp;RIHS, Puducherry were selected by using Purposive sampling technique who fulfilled the<br>inclusion criteria. The Data collected through Email using standardized test anxiety questionnaire.<br>Result: Among 30 participants, the majority 28 (93.33 %) of subjects were females, only 2 (6.67%) are<br>males. Majority 16 (53.4%) of them were 21 years, 12 belongs to age 20yrs (40%), and only one subject in<br>age 19 years (3.3%), and one in age 22 (3.3%). In the study it was found that 23.3% of students do not suffer<br>from test anxiety and 3.3% have unhealthy level of anxiety and majority of subjects 22 (73.3 %) exhibit<br>some of the characteristics of test anxiety.<br>Conclusion: The study conducted among 30 final year B.Sc. nursing student. There was a high prevalence<br>of test anxiety among nursing students. Majority of subjects ,73.3 % exhibit some of the characteristics<br>of test anxiety which is healthy and only 3.3 % of subjects have an unhealthy level of test anxiety. The<br>researcher concluded that the association between the selected demographic variables of students and test<br>anxiety is not significant statistically.</p> Sreenu M.B Baby Ratnasabapathy A Felicia Chitra Manjubala Dash S Jayanthi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 32 38 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13966 Perinatal Mental Health Problems –What Midwives and Nurses can do? <p>Maternal mental health is largely neglected in low and middle income countries. There is no routine screening<br>or treatment of maternal mental disorders in primary care settings in most parts of our country. Women<br>of every culture, age, income level and race can develop perinatal mood or anxiety disorder. Symptoms<br>can appear any time during pregnancy and the first 12 months after childbirth. According to the World<br>Health Organization, worldwide about 10% of pregnant women and 13% of women who have given birth<br>experience a mental disorder, primarily depression.<br>Risk factors involved in causing maternal mental health issues include previous history or family history<br>of mental health problems, poverty, extreme stress, childhood abuse and neglect, violence, interpersonal<br>conflict, inadequate support from family, alcohol or drug abuse, and unplanned or unwanted pregnancy,<br>natural disasters, and negative experiences from previous pregnancies. With severe depression, the mothers<br>fail to adequately eat, sleep, bathe or adequately care for herself or the baby. The risk of suicide or harming<br>the baby is also possible. Prolonged or severe mental illness affects family life, hampers mother infant<br>bonding, breastfeeding and infant care.<br>Specialized midwives can be effectively involved in promoting healthy pregnancies, in primary and<br>secondary prevention, early identification, and timely provision of quality specialist care to the affected<br>women. However, identification and management of mental disorders by non- specialized health providers<br>is strongly recommended by the World Health Organization.</p> Susamma Thomas Reeja Annie Zachariah Nisha Mathew Mathew Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 39 44 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13967 Effect of a Brief Intervention on Anger Management among Adolescents <p>Background: Adolescence is the transition period between childhood and adulthood, during which an<br>individual experiences a number of emotional issues. Adolescents’ anger may be triggered and/or intensified<br>by variety of factors. To be healthy and safe, adolescents need to be equipped with skills that allow them<br>to cope with anger in a productive manner. This study was aimed to assess the effect of anger management<br>techniques on the level of anger among adolescents.<br>Method: An experimental pre-test, post-test design was adopted to achieve the objectives of the study. A<br>simple random sampling technique was used to select 120 adolescents, studying at Government schools of<br>Puducherry. Socio-demographic details were collected by a semi-structured proforma. The level of anger was<br>assessed by Adolescent anger rating scale before and after the intervention. Anger management techniques<br>such as deep breathing exercises, assertive communication and the techniques to improve interpersonal<br>relationship were taught to the subjects over a period of one-week.<br>Results: Majority of the subjects was in the age group of 14 years, in both the experimental (n=28, 46.67%)<br>and control group (n= 26, 43.33%). There was a significant reduction in the level of anger among the<br>experimental group from the pre-test mean (SD) score of (92.5 ± 19.13) to post-test (68.95 ± 11.58) and the<br>paired ‘t’ test value (12.91) demonstrated that the difference was statistically significant at p&lt;0.001.<br>Conclusion: The study results indicate that anger management intervention was effective in reducing the<br>level of anger among adolescents. The techniques adopted in the study are simple and cost effective and the<br>regular practice of these techniques would definitely enhance the coping skills of adolescents in controlling<br>their anger.</p> Uma Maheswari A Baby Rathinasabapathy Padmavathi Nagarajan Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 7 1 45 49 10.37506/ijpn.v7i1.13968