Pulmonary Tele-Rehabilitation in Patients (Post Covid-19) With Respiratory Complications: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Keywords:Covid-19, Dyspnoea, Fatigue, Pulmonary Telerehabilitation
Background: The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has resulted in a growing
population of individuals recovering from SARS-CoV. Although the evidence is limited, observational
data suggest that patients who suffer from COVID may experience symptoms long after recovery from
acute illness, referred as “long COVID,” post-COVID syndrome or “post-COVID conditions”.The
recovery from COVID-19 disease is very different but many features appear to be similar to recovery
from other viral illnesses. Our study aims to investigate and validate the effectiveness of respiratory
rehabilitative therapeutic program in patients with chronic COVID.
Objective: To analyse the effects of a Pulmonary Tele-rehabilitation Program in Covid-19 Outpatients
who received Pulmonary Rehab (Breathing and Therapeutic Exercises) compared to those who only
received conventional care.
Method: A Randomized Controlled Trial study has been undertaken.30 Post COVID Patients meeting
inclusion criteria were randomly allocated into two groups. Experimental Group received therapeutic
protocol and Controlled Group received conventional care. Duration for the study was 6 weeks. The
Significant and relevant tests for this study are Modified Borg Dyspnoea Rating Scale and Fatigue
Result: The statistical analysis was carried out using‘t- test’ to determine the effectiveness of breathing
and therapeutic exercises. Results showed that the patients in experimental group recovered more
rapidly and demonstrated independence in their ADL without any further complications.Females were
more fatigued than males, therefore benefitted more from the therapeutic program.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated improvement in patients who received the therapeutic program.
No telerehab patients required additional oxygen supplementation or any medical care. Telerehabilitation
allowed a valuable service to patients with COVID-19 and helped them to rehabilitate themselves
without having to leave their home.
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