Effect of Muscle Energy Technique Versus Static Stretching on Calf Flexibility in Females


  • Jaspreet Kaur
  • Supreet Bindra
  • Pankaj Preet Singh




Muscle Energy Technique, Static Stretching, Flexibility, Calf muscle


Introduction: Flexibility is an important physiological component of physical fitness. The length of the muscle
tissue is thought to play an important role in the effectiveness and efficacy of human movement. Calf is one of
the commonest muscle prone to tightness. Most of the forefoot and ankle problems arise due to gastrocnemius
and soleus tightness and contractures. To manage such a condition, stretching of the calf muscles are commonly
prescribed to increase available dorsiflexion of the ankle joint. Though there are several effective physiotherapeutic
exercises available to resolve this problem, but it’s still in dilemma about the immediate effects. Muscle Energy
Technique (MET) and Static Stretching (SS) are the techniques which can efficiently improve the flexibility of
muscles and also very scarce literature is present on comparing the effect of these techniques for increasing ankle
dorsiflexion for improving calf tightness. So, this study aimed to evaluate and compare the immediate effect of
Muscle Energy Technique and Static Stretching on calf flexibility in females.
Methodology: An experimental study in which 30 female subjects aged between 18 to 25 years were divided into
two groups.GroupA (n= 15) and Group B (n=15) were given MET and Static Stretching (SS) respectively. Ankle
Dorsiflexion ROM was assessed pre- intervention and post- intervention. The data collected were analyzed by
SPSS (version 26).
Result and Conclusion: Group A (MET) and Group B (SS) were given suitable intervention for calf muscle tightness,
and bothgroups showed that the mean ROM during post-test was higher than pre-test. After the comparison of
both groups, no significant difference was seen in the mean scores (p≥ 0.05). Equal number of repetitions of both
techniques were given, however, still MET showed slightly greater effect. Therefore, the study concluded that
fewer repetitions of MET could have greater or equal effect as Static Stretching. Further studies with large sample
size and follow up are recommended.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • Jaspreet Kaur

    BPT 4th year Student,  (Department of Physiotherapy),SGGSW University, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab

  • Supreet Bindra

    Assistant Professor Department of Physiotherapy,SGGSW University, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab

  • Pankaj Preet Singh

    Head of Department (Department of Physiotherapy),SGGSW University, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab




How to Cite

Effect of Muscle Energy Technique Versus Static Stretching on Calf Flexibility in Females. (2023). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 17(3), 27-33. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v17i3.19546