Association of Sarcopenia with Physical Performance and Quality of Life in Older Adults

Authors

  • Mohammed Shaikh
  • Rutikashivdikar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v17i3.19549

Keywords:

Sarcopenia, older adults, physical performance, quality of life

Abstract

Background: Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass
and function. Sarcopenia constitutes a major health problem affecting millions of older adults around the world
specially in countries like India where older population is too large. In India, one of the developing county there
are none of the studies investigating the association of Sarcopenia with physical performance and Quality of Life
where there is substantial growth in the aging population. Our study aims to explore association of Sarcopenia
with physical performance and quality of life in older adults.
Method: It is an observational study. A sample size of 280 older adults of aged 60 or 60+year were taken from
old age homes. Convenient sampling method was used. Sarcopenia was diagnosed using SARC-CalF and jamar
handheld dynamometer using Asian working group of sarcopenia criteria. Physical performance was measured
using short physical performance battery and quality of life were assessed using SarQoL questionnaire.
Result: 200 older adults were diagnosed with sarcopenia, their physical performance and quality of life were
assessed, results of which suggested that 86% of older adults diagnosed with sarcopenia has a poor physical
performance and quality of life overall score (mean) of SarQoL was 56.05, among the domains, Leisure activities
had the lowest quality of life scores and fears were the highest. When analysed for a correlation between SARCCALF
and SPPB and SARC-CALF and SARQOL overall score, the results of which demonstrate that there was no
correlation between them.
Conclusion: Results of the study provide evidence that older adults with Sarcopenia are likely to have poor physical
performance and their quality of life is compromised. Study showed that there is no correlation of Sarcopenia with
physical performance and quality of life.

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Author Biographies

  • Mohammed Shaikh

    B.P.T Graduate, DPOS Nettcollege of physiotherapy, Thane, India

  • Rutikashivdikar

    Assistant Professor, DPOS Nettcollege of physiotherapy, Thane, India.

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Published

2023-07-21

How to Cite

Association of Sarcopenia with Physical Performance and Quality of Life in Older Adults. (2023). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 17(3), 48-53. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v17i3.19549