Efficacy of Swiss Ball Exercise and Resistance Training in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Authors

  • Meenakshi M
  • Anitha A
  • Ramana K
  • Kamalakannan M

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/71dzqn30

Keywords:

Stein-Leventhal syndrome, Menstrual Irregularities, PCOS, Resistance training Hormonal Imbalance.

Abstract

Background: Women of reproductive age are frequently affected with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome,
an endocrine disorder that causes anovulation and infertility. There is a paucity in the evidence of
comparing the effectiveness of the Swiss ball and resistance training among PCOS subjects.
Purpose: To compare the effect of Swiss ball exercise and Resistance training in symptoms females
with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
Materials and Method: A total of 30 subjects were selected from Private Institute. As outcome
measures, the menstrual irregularity questionnaire (MIQ), BMI, and abdominal girth measurement
were used. Subjects were divided randomly into resistance training group (n = 15) received exercises
with dumbbells and Swiss ball training group (n = 15) received exercises with Swiss ball, in addition
to aerobic exercise.
Results: Females with PCOS symptoms in RTG experienced statistically significant improvement in
BMI from 28.3 ± 3.3 to 25.3 ± 3.3, in Abdominal girth 93.6 ± 4.6 to 88.8 ± 4.6, in MIQ 18.3 ± 3.8 to 13.5 ±
3.3, with a p value of < 0.05 than in SBG which had BMI from 28.3 ± 3.7 to 27.9 ± 3.5, Abdominal girth
93.6 ± 5.3 to 92.6 ± 5.3, MIQ 18.1 ± 3.5 to 16.4 ± 3.8, with a p value < 0.05.
Conclusion: In comparison to a Swiss ball exercise, resistance training programme combined with
aerobic activity is more effective at helping women with PCOS symptoms.

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Author Biographies

  • Meenakshi M

    Post Graduate Saveetha College Of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute Of Medical & Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Anitha A

    Associate Professor Saveetha College Of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute Of Medical & Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Ramana K

    Assistant Professor, Saveetha College Of Physiotherapy, SaveethaInstitute Of Medical & Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Kamalakannan M

    Associate Professor, Saveetha College Of Physiotherapy, Saveetha
    Institute Of Medical & Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

Efficacy of Swiss Ball Exercise and Resistance Training in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 302-309. https://doi.org/10.37506/71dzqn30