Effectiveness of Swiss Ball Exercise Compared to Mat Exercise on Pelvic Girdle Pain in Antenatal Women

Authors

  • Sangeetha Annamalai
  • Saravankumar Jayakumar
  • Jeslin Godwin Nirmala

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/8a2c4656

Keywords:

Pregnancy, Disability, Low back pain, Symphysis pubis diastasis, Training.

Abstract

Background: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is pain that occurs frequently in the sacroiliac joint (SIJ), which connects the
gluteal fold and the posterior iliac crest, and can spread to the hips and thighs. Pubic symphysis discomfort and
PGP can either occur simultaneously or separately. The symptoms of pelvic girdle pain (PGP) include pain and
impairment.
Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of Swiss ball exercises against mat exercises in alleviating Pelvic Girdle
pregnancy-related pain.
Materials and Methods: After receiving a thorough description of the study’s objectives, 30 Women were chosen
from Saveetha Medical College and Hospital based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Oswestry Disability
Index 2.0 (ODI) and Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) measurements of pain and disability were utilised as
outcome measures. Subjects were divided randomly into groups Swiss ball exercises (n=15) and Mat exercises
(n=15).
Results: The statistical evaluation of Swiss ball exercises and mat exercises yields the following results: We
discovered a substantial decrease in Impairment and discomfort, ODI scores (p=0.0029), and PGQ scores (p=0.0001)
in the Swiss ball exercise group.
Conclusion: At the end of the study, it shows that Swiss ball exercises can be used to treat individuals who have
pelvic girdle pain when pregnant.

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Author Biographies

  • Sangeetha Annamalai

    Post graduate, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Saravankumar Jayakumar

    Assistant Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Jeslin Godwin Nirmala

    Tutor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of,Medical and Technical Sciences, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

Effectiveness of Swiss Ball Exercise Compared to Mat Exercise on Pelvic Girdle Pain in Antenatal Women. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 333-339. https://doi.org/10.37506/8a2c4656