A Comparative Study on the Effects of Aerobic Exercises and Extension Exercises in Teachers with Low Back Pain
Keywords:Teachers, low back pain, Numerical Pain Rating Scale, Extension exercises
Background: Low back pain is a musculoskeletal problem for which teachers are more prone due to their working
conditions. Conservative treatments have been proposed for teachers with low back pain such as aerobic exercises
and extension exercises. However, there was a lack of studies showing the comparison of effectiveness between
aerobic exercises and extension exercises in treating low back pain in teachers.
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of aerobic exercises and extension exercises in reducing pain among
teachers with low back pain.
Materials and Methods: Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 30 participants who are teachers with Low
back pain were recruited, and informed consent was acquired from the subjects. The volunteers were informed
about the study’s safety and simplicity. The individuals were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the control
group (n=15) which received Aerobic exercises and the Experimental group (n=15) which received Extension
exercises. All individuals were assessed for pain using Numerical Pain Rating Scale as a pre-test prior to the
intervention and again after 4 weeks of intervention. This entire process was performed between November 2022
to April 2023.
Result: Statistical analysis was done for all the collected data using paired t-tests and unpaired t-tests. The test
shows significant effects (p<0.0001) in both groups. The test shows that the subjects who received Extension
exercise have had pain relief.
Conclusion: The results and the data obtained from this research were statistically classified and can be concluded
that Extension exercises had a definite and proven effect on Low back pain.
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