Effectiveness of Muscle Energy Technique and Strengthening Exercises by KOOS in Knee Osteoarthritis Strengthening Exercise in Reducing Pain to Improve Functional Activity Measured by KOOS in Knee Osteoarthritis
Keywords:Knee Osteoarthritis, Muscle energy technique, Strengthening exercises, Manual therapy.
Background: According to 2012 data, the prevalence rate of OA in both rural and urban India was ranging from
33% to 46% of the older adult population where females were more affected than men. Participants with knee OA
frequently need to perform strengthening exercises since they have weaker muscles due to decreased physical
activity and pain tolerance.
Purpose: The Purpose of the study is to find out the efficacy of Muscle energy technique and strengthening exercise
in pain management to improve ROM in knee osteoarthritis.
Materials and methods: This study included a sample of 196 between the age group of 45- 60 years were taken
from Shri Shakthi’s centre for pain relief and rehabilitation according to selection criteria for this experimental
study which was divided into two groups, strengthening exercise group (n=98) and muscle energy technique
group (n=98) . Interventions were given as 5 sessions a week and continued for 2 weeks.
Study period: March 2023 to July 2023.
Result: The Pre-test and post-test values were analysed, pain score was decreased and functional outcome was
improved significantly in strengthening exercise groups when compared to muscle energy technique.
Conclusion: The study shows that strengthening exercise for osteoarthritis of the knee in older adults is more
effective than muscle energy technique.
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