Effects of BOSU Ball Exercises Versus Wobble Board Exercises on Pain and Balance in Individuals with Pes Planus
Keywords:Pes planus, BOSU ball, wobble board, FFI, NPRS, Berg balance scale
Background: Pes planus, usually called flat foot is a deformity that causes the medial longitudinal arch to collapse
and makes the foot flat to the floor level. Flat feet may be caused by aging, pregnancy, heredity, physiological
condition or an injury to the foot ligaments. Weight-bearing exercises are performed on an unstable surface such
as wobble board and BOSU ball as part of the balance board training technique.
Purpose: To find out the effect of BOSU ball exercises versus wobble board exercises among individuals with pes
Materials and Methods: A sample of 30 was taken using a navicular drop test on the arch of the foot, NPRS on pain,
and Berg balance scale on balance. According to the selection criteria for the study which was divided into two
groups, a BOSU ball with ultrasound (n=15) and wobble board with ultrasound (n=15) were given. Interventions
were given as 6 sessions a week for 2 weeks. The entire process was performed from November 2022 to April 2023.
Result: The mean value of BOSU ball exercises at the post-test was found to be higher than the mean value of
wobble board exercises with a p-value of <0.0001.
Conclusion: The study concludes that the BOSU ball with ultrasound therapy has a higher positive outcome in
managing pes planus.
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