Effects of Static Somatosensory Balance Training Versus Bosu Ball Training on Balance For Institutional Elderly Population

Authors

  • Priyadharshini S
  • Kamalakannan M
  • Andrew Anbarason J P
  • Anitha A
  • Ramana K

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/m0qgrz60

Keywords:

Equilibrium, posture, control, geriatrics, old age home, collapse.

Abstract

Background: As individuals age, balance becomes a critical aspect of daily tasks, involving the integration of
sensory feedback for movement planning and execution. The aging process leads to gradual degeneration,
increasing the risk of falls and associated mortality rates among seniors. Falls can result in debilitating injuries,
signalling the onset of various health issues and potentially leading to a cycle of decline in physical function.
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of static somatosensory physical activity for the state of equilibrium and
bosu ball sessions on elderly individuals. These activities can help improve balance.They cannot really address
fear or dread as those are psychological in nature.
Materials and Methods: The 30 subjects were obtained from Neo Education Social Awareness And Management
Society (NESAM) Old Age Home between the ages of 60 and 70 were selected based on selection criteria and
assigned to two groups. The inclusion criteria encompassed participants with scores between 35 and 45 on the Berg
Balance Scale (BBS) and a score of four on the fall risk assessment questionnaire. Group A underwent 30-minute
BOSU ball exercises. Group B received static somatosensory balance exercises. Study period : November 2022 to
July 2023.
Result: The study’s results revealed that both groups exhibited significant improvements in equilibrium, with a
p-value < 0.001. However, the BOSU ball group showed more notable enhancements than the static somatosensory
balance exercises group.
Conclusion: In conclusion, both BOSU ball sessions and static somatosensory sessions were effective in enhancing
balance in elderly individuals. Nonetheless, BOSU ball exercises were found to be superior in improving
equilibrium.

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Author Biographies

  • Priyadharshini S

    Undergraduate, Saveetha college of physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences, chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Kamalakannan M

    Associate professor, Saveetha college of physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences, chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Andrew Anbarason J P

    Tutor Saveetha college of physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences, chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Anitha A

    Associate  Professor,Saveetha college of physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences, chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Ramana K

    Assistant professor, Saveetha college of physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences, chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

Effects of Static Somatosensory Balance Training Versus Bosu Ball Training on Balance For Institutional Elderly Population. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 730-735. https://doi.org/10.37506/m0qgrz60