Effectiveness of Multidirectional Stepping Training on Balance among Geriatric Population

Authors

  • Sunethra S
  • Priyadharshini Kumar
  • Vignesh Srinivasan
  • Prathap Suganthirababu
  • Kumaresan A
  • Jagatheesan Alagesan
  • Gok Kandasamy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/wqeg9f17

Keywords:

: Balance, multidirectional stepping training, Geriatric, Fall, Fall efficacy scale.

Abstract

Background: In order to perform an activity that requires an upright posture, balance is a complex process that
involves receiving and integrating the sensory inputs as well as planning and carrying out movements. Falls are
frequent among elderly people. An example of home based aerobic activity is multidirectional stepping training.
Purpose: To find out the effectiveness of multidirectional stepping training on balance among geriatric population.
Materials and Methods: From November 2022 to April 2023, 200 participants were recruited from the Sai Chai
Physio Centre, with only 82 participants selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.The subjects were
separated into two groups: Group A (n=41) and Group B (n=41).Group A received multidirectional stepping
training, whereas Group B received conventional exercise.Both the interventions were given for four weeks, three
times a week for 40 minutes.
Results: The findings indicated that both the groups showed statistically significant improvement after the
interventions in scores of fall efficacy scale and Balance outcome measure for elderly rehabilitation(p<0.005).
Multidirectional stepping training showed statistically significant improvement in both the measures.
Conclusion: When compared to conventional exercise, multidirectional stepping training is more effective at
improving balance.

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Author Biographies

  • Sunethra S

    Undergraduate, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Priyadharshini Kumar

    Tutor,  Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Vignesh Srinivasan

    Assistant Professor,  Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Prathap Suganthirababu

    Professor,  Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Kumaresan A

    Professor,  Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,

  • Jagatheesan Alagesan

    Professor Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Gok Kandasamy

    Associate Professor, School of Health and Life Sciences, Teesside University, UK.

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

Effectiveness of Multidirectional Stepping Training on Balance among Geriatric Population. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 862-867. https://doi.org/10.37506/wqeg9f17