Utilization of Research Evidences among Nursing Students-A Multicentred Study in India


  • Maj Tanushree Mitra
  • Maj Radhika Das
  • Brig Amita Devrani
  • Maj Renjini Gopalakrishnan
  • Maj Ranjana Banik
  • Shakira Banu B




EBP, Nursing Students, S-EBPQ


Background-Nursing services in present era thrives for quality patient care. To maintain the standard
of professional practice and best quality care the student nurses need to be updated with recent research
evidences. Evidence Based Practice (EBP) in nursing education is inevitable to keep up the pace with the
technological advancement and standard nursing practices.
Objectives-The present study was designed with the objective to assess the level of utilization of research
evidences among nursing students, to find the association of selected variables with the S-EBPQ scores, to
compare the mean score of S-EBPQ among the different groups of nursing students and to analyse the low
response items(score1-2) of SEBPQ.
Methodology-The present study is a multi-centred cross-sectional descriptive design conducted among
nursing students(n=276) of selected College of Nursing of India through an online survey. Data collection
tool was a standardised self-administered questionnaire of SEBPQ (Students Evidence Based Practice
Questionnaire by P Upton, D R Upton & S Evans,2015) consisting of 21 items in four subscales. Statistical
analysis was done by SPSS-24 software in the form of mean, standard deviation, frequency, percentage and
ANOVA test.
Result-Present study revealed that the total mean score of SEBPQ was 3.89±1.22, practice score was
3.35±1.53,attitude score was 4.41±1.78, knowledge/skill score was 3.77±1.35 and communication of
research score was 4.06±1.48.The utilization of research evidences were high among 31.52% nursing
students, moderate among 54.35% and low among 14.13% of nursing students. The negative response
analysis for all items revealed that the student nurses had lower utilization of evidences related to lack of
critically appraising the evidences (48.2%), tracking down the evidences (45.28%), integrating the evidences
with practice (44.6%) and difficulty in formulating clearly answerable research question (41%). There was
a statistically significant association between the S-EBPQ score and the place of residence (p value of
0.000018) however there was no association found for the age, education level, marital status, years of
experience, speciality and designation of nursing students.
Conclusion-The study concluded that the nursing students have moderately high utilization of EBP, positive
attitude towards research utilization and communication, however institutional support and revised nursing
curriculum with emphasis on EBP would be necessary to make nursing students more research oriented and

Author Biographies

Maj Tanushree Mitra

Tutor, CON, AFMC, Pune

Maj Radhika Das

Lecturer, CON, AFMC, Pune

Brig Amita Devrani

Professor & Principal, CON, AFMC, Pune

Maj Renjini Gopalakrishnan

Assoc Prof, CON, AH R&R, Delhi

Maj Ranjana Banik

Tutor, CON, CH(EC), Kolkata

Shakira Banu B

Lt Col, Asst Prof, CON, CH(CC), Lucknow