Psychological Issues of People affected with Flood: A Systematic Review


  • Jithin Thomas Parel
  • G. Balamurugan



Flood, Psychological Issues, Anxiety, Depression & PTSD.


Introduction: People experience the psychological impact of a disaster before, during, and after the actual
occurrence of the disaster event. In particular, during the period of initial disaster response, the behavior
and mentality of the public are temporarily disrupted due to stress. In the following period, not only fear but
also physical deprivation is experienced. This systematic review is to determine the impact of psychological
issues of people affected with flood.
Methods : A thorough literature search from the databases were searched between 2006 and 2020 including
MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, The British Nursing Index, and the Cochrane Central
Register from the time period 2000- 2015.Total 15 quantitative studies were included in this review. These
studies were conducted across the world which comprises six different countries like China (1), United
Kingdom (6),India(3), Austrailia (2) and Pakistan (2). Results :The findings revealed that the prevalence of
Post traumatic depression was 80% among the different studies. Nearly 67% of people affected with flood
were shown symptoms of anxiety. More than half (60%) of them were depressive due to the flood aftermaths.
Conclusion : Many of the studies recommended initial treatment and psychological intervention for the
people affected with flood. There is also an emphasis on special consideration for the vulnerable like infant,
old age and pregnant women.

Author Biographies

Jithin Thomas Parel

Ph D Scholar, Indian Nursing Council, New Delhi; Lecturer, College of Nursing, Institute of Liver and Biliary
Sciences (ILBS), D1 Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India

G. Balamurugan

Registrar (Administration) and HOD Psychiatric Nursing at Ramaiah Institute of Nursing Education and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India