An Older Adults Perspective on the Impact of Spirituality Towards Pandemic COVID-19


  • Berliany Venny Sipollo
  • Kristianto Dwi Nugroho



Older Adults, Spiritual, Perception, Qualitative research


Purpose: This research aims to understand the perceptions of impact of spirituality towards pandemic
COVID-19 from the perspective of the older adults, explores the themes of such perception older adults
regarding spirituality in the pandemic COVID-19. Methods: This research is based on qualitative research in
a phenomenological methodology. The research participants included older adults aged 60-90 living at home
in Malang, Jawa Timur Provinces, Indonesia. Data collection methodologies included in-depth interviews
and observation of participants. The data were analyzed in the phenomenological methodology by Colaizzi.
Results: As a result of the research, it was found that all significant statements about the Indonesian older
adults perception of spirituality in the pandemic COVID-19 fell within 10 categories with 2 major themes
and 3 minor themes. The 2 major themes were: The COVID-19 pandemic is coming to an end and Spiritual
improvement of the older adults. Conclusion: This study provides factor –factor to use on foundation to
achieve spiritual need of older adults in the pandemic COVID-19.

Author Biographies

Berliany Venny Sipollo

Lecturer in Nursing Bachelor Program, STIKes Panti Waluya Malang

Kristianto Dwi Nugroho

Lecturer in Nursing Bachelor Program, STIKes Panti Waluya Malang