Virtual Simulation in Nursing Education: A Systematic Review


  • Jasper Erwin L. Tolarba



Virtual simulation, Virtual reality, Education, Nursing, Systematic review, Technology


Background: With recent advances in computer and information technology over the last few years, there
has been an increase in the use of virtual simulation in the field of nursing education.
Design: Systematic review of experimental, quasi-experimental, and qualitative studies.
Data sources: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, ERIC, PsychINFO, and ProQuest were searched by title and
abstract spanning from January 2010 to December 2020.
Results: Twenty-three studies were included in the narrative summary. Overwhelming evidence from these
studies shows a positive impact on student knowledge, skills, affective learning outcomes. Studies were
mostly conducted in developed countries perhaps due to the high cost of acquiring this technology in the
Conclusion: Virtual simulation is highly effective in improving knowledge, skills, and affective outcomes
of students. Nursing educators and other stakeholders need to support future initiatives in the advancement
of virtual simulation and possible inclusion in the nursing curriculum.

Author Biography

Jasper Erwin L. Tolarba

Director of Global Standards at CGFNS International Inc., Philadelphia PA.