Community Health Nursing Students Identifying Depression in Members of the Community with Diabetes, A Quantitative Approach


  • Kathleen Marsala-Cervasio
  • Anna M. Acee



community health nursing, type 2 diabetes mellitus, depression, health promotion, comorbidities, referrals


Background: The aim of this study was to improve depression screening, monitoring, and treatment of
individuals in community-based programs with co-morbid type 2 diabetes by senior nursing students.
Method: This experimental research utilized the Basic Diabetes Knowledge Test (KAT), Depression
Knowledge Questionnaire (MCQ), and the Patient Health Questionnaire -9 (PHQ-9) to measure the
depression and diabetes knowledge of students before and after an educational intervention over time
utilizing ANOVA.
Results: The main effect of time for KAT and MCQ is statistically significant (F2=16.74, p<0.0001 for
KAT and F2=10.39, p<0.0001 for MCQ). Adjusted KAT and MCQ scores t-tests were run across the test
administrations to assess the PHQ-9 mean test score difference.
Results: Indicate statistically significant differences between groups (t (72) =-2.82, p=0.0063).
Conclusions: The findings of this research should compel nursing faculty to integrate teaching strategies in
clinical courses to assist new nurses to adequately identify and refer individuals for depression evaluation
and treatment.

Author Biographies

Kathleen Marsala-Cervasio

Associate Professor, CUNY School of Professional Studies, 119 W 31 Street, NYC, NY 10001

Anna M. Acee

Associate Professor, Long Island University, Harriet Rothkopf Heilbrunn School of Nursing
1 University Plaza, Brooklyn, N.Y. 11201-5372