Community Health Nursing Students Identifying Depression in Members of the Community with Diabetes, A Quantitative Approach
Keywords:community health nursing, type 2 diabetes mellitus, depression, health promotion, comorbidities, referrals
Background: The aim of this study was to improve depression screening, monitoring, and treatment of
individuals in community-based programs with co-morbid type 2 diabetes by senior nursing students.
Method: This experimental research utilized the Basic Diabetes Knowledge Test (KAT), Depression
Knowledge Questionnaire (MCQ), and the Patient Health Questionnaire -9 (PHQ-9) to measure the
depression and diabetes knowledge of students before and after an educational intervention over time
Results: The main effect of time for KAT and MCQ is statistically significant (F2=16.74, p<0.0001 for
KAT and F2=10.39, p<0.0001 for MCQ). Adjusted KAT and MCQ scores t-tests were run across the test
administrations to assess the PHQ-9 mean test score difference.
Results: Indicate statistically significant differences between groups (t (72) =-2.82, p=0.0063).
Conclusions: The findings of this research should compel nursing faculty to integrate teaching strategies in
clinical courses to assist new nurses to adequately identify and refer individuals for depression evaluation
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