Nurses’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Palliative Care: A Study in a Western Province in Indonesia

Authors

  • Masli Yuzar
  • Kartini Hasballah
  • Teuku Tahlil
  • Irwan Saputra
  • Elly Wardani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijone.v13i4.16597

Keywords:

knowledge, attitude, palliative, PCQN, FATCOD

Abstract

Background: The delay in the development of palliative care in Indonesia is also related to the dearth
of studies related to palliative care in Indonesia, including the study of nurses’ knowledge and attitudes
towards palliative care. Efforts are needed to explore the knowledge and attitudes of nurses about
palliative care. This research was aimed to identify the determinants of related factors to knowledge and
attitudes of nurses towards palliative care.
Methods: A quantitative research with cross sectional study design was used for research. Data was
collected by using several well-reported questionnaires, namely the the Palliative Care Quiz for Nurses
(PCQN) questionnaire to assess level of knowledge, and the Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of
the Dying Scale (FATCOD) Form-B questionnaire to analyze nurses’ attitudes. With the Systematic
Random Sampling, 256 nurses participated in this online survey. The respondent’s response rate which
was 94.9%.
Conclusions: This research showed that there was no significant relationship between knowledge
and nurses’ attitudes about palliative care. However, there was a significant relationship between age,
and training of palliative with nurses’ knowledge of palliative care. Level of education, and nurses
‘employment status with nurses’ attitudes about palliative care also showed a significant relationship.
Further analysis revealed that level of education was the only predictor which related to nurses’ attitudes
about palliative care.

Author Biographies

Masli Yuzar

Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Nursing,

Kartini Hasballah

Faculty of Medicine, 
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Teuku Tahlil

Faculty of Nursing,
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Irwan Saputra

Faculty of Medicine, 
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Elly Wardani

Faculty of Nursing,
Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Published

2021-07-23