A Quasi Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of IEC on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Breast Self-Examination among Female Supportive Staff Working in A.C.S Medical College & Hospital

Authors

  • E. Sangeetha
  • Mahizh Punitha Isaiah
  • Hema V.H

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijone.v14i2.17996

Keywords:

Quasi experimental, IEC, Breast Self-Examination, Female supportive staff, A.C.S Medical College & Hospital.

Abstract

Breast cancer is a cancer that begins in the tissue of the breast. It occurs when the breast cells alter and
develop out of control. Normally, the cells form a tumor. The cancer is referred to as “invasive” if it has
gone beyond the breast. It’s possible that it’ll only spread to adjacent tissues and lymph nodes. To assess
the Pretest and Posttest level on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding BSE among female supportive
staff. To assess the Effectiveness of IEC on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice. To assess the Relationship
between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding BSE. To find out the association between mean differed
score of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding BSE with selected socio demographic variable. A
quasi-experimental study was conducted in A.C.S medical college and hospital with female supportive staff.
The technique were selected Simple Random sampling technique based on the inclusive and exclusive
criteria. Overall sample is 75 female supportive staff. They are divided into three groups and the data is
collected by pre and posttest method. After collecting the pretest data the IEC booklet was distributed to the
participants. In pretest most of the female supportive staff (93.33%) had inadequate knowledge, (4%) had
moderate knowledge and (2.67%) had adequate knowledge regarding BSE. Whereas in the post test after
the administration of IEC, (89.33%) had adequate knowledge and (10.67%) had moderate knowledge. In the
pretest most of the female supportive staff (100%) had inadequate practice regarding BSE. In posttest after the
administration of IEC, (48%) had inadequate practice, (32%) had moderate practice and (20%) had adequate
practice. In the pretest most of the female supportive staff (49.3%) had moderately favorable attitude, (48%)
had unfavorable attitude and (2.67%) had favorable attitude. In posttest after the administration of IEC, (56%)
had moderately favorable attitude, (38.67%) had favorable attitude and (5.33%) had unfavorable attitude.
The pretest mean score of knowledge was 4.65±1.89, mean score of practice was 0.15±0.36 and the pretest
mean score of attitude was 7.33±2.26. Comparison revealed that the mean pretest and posttest Knowledge,
Attitude and Practice regarding BSE. The demographic variables of female supportive staff significantly
associated with the Knowledge and there is no significant association with Attitude and Practice. This study
concludes that there is improvement in the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of BSE among female
supportive staff which indicates that the Information booklet is effective.

Author Biographies

E. Sangeetha

M.Sc. Nursing Student, Faculty of Nursing, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai

Mahizh Punitha Isaiah

Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai

Hema V.H

Principal, Faculty of Nursing, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai

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Published

2022-04-13