The Primary Caregiver Experiences in Serving Children Victims of Physical Violence in Banda Aceh City: A Phenomenology Study

Authors

  • Eka Oktarina Riani
  • Marthoenis
  • Asniar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijone.v14i2.17997

Keywords:

Experience, Primary Caregiver, Childer, Violence

Abstract

This study aims to explore primary caregivers’ experiences in serving children victims of physical violence
in Banda Aceh City. The experience in question involves perception, adaptation response, physiological
delivery, assisting the adaptation process related to self-concept role function, and assisting the child’s
adaptation process related to aspects of interdependence. This research was qualitative research with a
phenomenological approach. The main informant of this research is the primary caregiver as the key
informant who provides care and fulfills the needs of children who are victims of physical violence.
Characteristics of key informants are living at home with child victims of violence, meeting children’s
daily needs, and explaining their experiences well. Research data was collected through interviews and
relevant literature studies and then analyzed using the Colaizzi technique. The results of this study are
1) The primary caregiver understands that the physical violence felt by the child is a consequence of
the wrong actions that have occurred, 2) The primary caregiver feels the negative impact of physical
violence on the child, 3) The primary caregiver helps the violent child in the physical aspect. Present
physiological needs by seeking material support, 4) The primary caregiver helps children with physical
violence in the aspect of self-concept by providing moral support, 5) The primary caregiver helps
children who are victims of physical violence in the aspect of role function with the support of strategies
that improve the child’s role function, and 6 ) The primary caregiver helps children who are victims of
physical violence in the aspect of interdependence by seeking counseling assistance.

Author Biographies

Eka Oktarina Riani

Postgraduate Student, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Marthoenis

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Asniar

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

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Published

2022-04-13