The Symptoms and Causes of Schizophrenia Perceived by Indonesian People with Schizophrenia: A Phenomenology Study

Authors

  • Fardelin Hacky Irawan
  • Marthoenis
  • Asniar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijone.v14i2.18000

Keywords:

[email protected]

Abstract

Many people with schizophrenia are unaware that they have a mental illness. They frequently have
trouble detecting their illness symptoms and recognizing the presence of a mental disorder and, more
significantly, that they require long-term treatment and care. This has the unintended consequence
of causing a poor outcome. This study aims to explore the experiences of symptoms and causes of
schizophrenia of Indonesian people with schizophrenia. This study uses a qualitative method with
a phenomenological approach. Participants in this study were patients with schizophrenia in Aceh
Province, Indonesia. The results of this study identified two themes: confusion over symptoms’ nature
and severity and out-of-control things that cause schizophrenia. The results of this study found that the
majority of people with schizophrenia struggle to understand the severity of their symptoms. Some of
their ideas about the reasons for their illness indicate that health professionals should provide more
thorough education about their illness.

Author Biographies

Fardelin Hacky Irawan

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia

Marthoenis

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia

Asniar

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia

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Published

2022-04-13