Stigma in Tuberculosis Sufferers: A Study in Simeulue Regency, Aceh Indonesia

Authors

  • Saima Fitri
  • Teuku Tahlil
  • Suryane Sulistiana Susanti

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijone.v14i2.18021

Keywords:

Stigma, Tuberculosis, Patient, Simeulue

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease and has become a public health problem globally. This study
aims to determine the factors associated with Stigma in patients with Tuberculosis in Simeulue Aceh
Regency. This research uses a cross-sectional study approach. The study population was patients
with Tuberculosis, totaling 112 people in 10 sub-districts in Simeulue Regency. The number of
samples is 92 people. The research instrument consisted of respondents’ demographics, knowledge,
perceptions, psychological factors, socio-cultural, and Stigma. The analysis used the Chi-Square test
with a significance level (α) 0.05. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between
knowledge (p-value = 0.007), perception (p-value = 0.027), psychological factors (p-value = 0.035) and
socio-cultural factors (p-value = 0.006) with stigma in suffered tuberculosis. This study concludes that
knowledge, perception, psychological aspects, and socio-culture significantly correlate with Stigma in
patients with Tuberculosis in Simeulue Regency. The socio-cultural aspect is the most dominant subvariable
associated with Stigma with a p-value of 0.006 <0.05.

Author Biographies

Saima Fitri

Postgraduate Student, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Teuku Tahlil

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

Suryane Sulistiana Susanti

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh-Indonesia

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Published

2022-04-13