Greek Women’s Knowledge and Perceptions Related to Breast Cancer Prevention

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Bakalis Nick
Koukoumi Eirini
Rekoumi Areti
Michalopoulou Antigone
Anagnostou Panagiotis
Kleopatra Kyrzopoulou
Filiotis Nikolaos

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in women
worldwide. The aim of this survey was to investigate Greece women’s knowledge and perceptions related to
breast cancer prevention.
Methods: A reliable questionnaire from the literature was used which then was translated using the forward and
backward translation method. It contained 37 questions and the sample consisted of 650 women. The statistical
analysis was completed using SPSS 25. The study found that the majority of the sample had knowledge regarding
breast cancer prevention, they knew the importance of breast self-examination and annual clinical breast
examination needed to be conducted as well as the age to undergo their first mammogram. Age, occupation,
annual family income, education level, and marital status significantly influenced women’s knowledge and
perceptions related to breast cancer prevention.
Conclusions: The state, the media and schools contribute to raising awareness and the involvement of health
professionals is essential to better inform and educate adolescent girls and women on this issue.

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Author Biographies

Bakalis Nick

Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, University of Patras, Patra, Greece. BSc, MSc, PhD.
Koukouli Campus, Patra, Greece, TK 26334

Koukoumi Eirini

Student Nurse, Department of Nursing, University of Patras, Patra, Greece. Koukouli Campus, Patra, Greece

Rekoumi Areti

Student Nurse, Department of Nursing, University of Patras, Patra, Greece. Koukouli Campus, Patra, Greece

Michalopoulou Antigone

Laboratory Teaching Staff Member,Department of Nursing, University of Patras, Patra, Greece. BSc, MSc, PhD. Koukouli Campus,Patra, Greece, TK 26334

Anagnostou Panagiotis

PhD(c), Department of Nursing, University of Patras, Patra, Greece. BSc,MSc. Koukouli Campus, Patra, Greece, TK 26334

Kleopatra Kyrzopoulou

Educator, Ministry of Education, Greece. BSc,MSc.,

Filiotis Nikolaos

Professor of Surgery, Department of Medicine and Surgical Sciences, University of Magna
Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy. MD, BSc, PhD. Campus Universitario S.Venuta, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy