A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Childhood Behaviour Disorder Autism Among Mothers of Selected Developmental Centres of Agartala, Tripura, India

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Shipra Sen
Rajwant Randhawa

Abstract

Background of the study: Autism is a Global burden including in our country India. Autism in the developmental
disorder included under the umbrella of the pervasive development disorder. Childhood developmental disorder
Autism characterized by deficits in social interaction, communication with unusual repetitive behaviour. Usually
they live in their won world. Event they may show no interest what is happening around their. They remain usually
in their won world. Socialization, education are big challenge for mothers whose has the child with Autism. Because
in the way of development of such children needed specialised knowledge and attitude of mothers including
caregivers, parents and teachers. Keeping mind the concurrent, the present study aims to progression of awareness
and development of childhood behaviour disorder Autism in Tripura, Agartala as well as in our country India.
Materials and methods: Present study is a quasi-experimental research design.500 mothers of Vidya Welfare
Society and Tripura Medical College & Dr.B.R.A.M Teaching Hospital, Agartala with child with Autism
were selected by purposive sampling technique. Dr. Nola Pender theory was implied in this study. 40 Semi
structured questionnaire of knowledge and 12 Attitude were administered after structured teaching programme.
The estimated reliability of the tool is 0.90. Data were analysed by inferential quantitative method.
Results: The results of post-test knowledge showed the increase in knowledge regarding childhood behaviour
disorder autism. The reliability of the tool structure knowledge questionnaire was 0.82 and the tool for
attitude was 0.90. The enhancement of knowledge regarding meaning and characteristics of autism was 38.7%,
enhancement of knowledge regarding causes of autism was 41.2% and enhancement of knowledge regarding
management was 39.6% and the over all aspects of knowledge was 39.4%. The increase or enhancement of
attitude regarding childhood behavioural disorder autism was 19.1%. The paired t-test was carried out and it
was found to be remain significant for knowledge and attitude at p<0.001 level. Results implied that increase in
knowledge and the increase in attitude regarding childhood behavioural disorder autism among mothers child
with autism in this present study.
Conclusion: Mothers with more education and financial empowerment will make easier path to manage
childhood behaviour disorder Autism. This study also suggest for more family support, Intra-natal care ,to
provide child joint family environment, access of others institutional health care and counselling centres facility
for behaviour disorder autism of child also need for proper knowledge and attitude of mothers’ child with autism.

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Author Biographies

Shipra Sen

Department of Psychiatry Nursing, Ph.D. Nursing Scholar, Desh Bhagat University, Mandi
Gobindgarh, Punjab, India

Rajwant Randhawa

Department of Community health nursing, Professor, Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India.