Comparison between the Effects of Gait Training on Floor and Treadmill Through Partial Body Weight Support System in Cerebral Palsy
Keywords:cerebral palsy, partial body weight support system, gait training.
Gait is one of the most important motor skill require for optimal functioning of every human being. Gait
impairment is common in cerebral palsy leading to reduce motor ability and impaired balance. The body
weight support system is a therapeutic intervention technique that provides task specific gait training which
helps cerebral palsy children by facilitating walking constraints. Research on gait training using PBWSS has
been done in the past but none of them highlighted the importance of walking surface.Aim and Objectives:
To compare the effect of PBWSS on gait function in floor versus treadmill set up.Methodology: Subjects are
selected with due fulfilment of selection criteria, 30 spasticcerebral palsy children divided into two groups.
Group A(n=15) was given conventional therapy for 45 minutes/day and gait training with PBWSS for 15
minutes/day on treadmill for 6 days in a week for 4 weeks and group B was given conventional therapy for
45 minutes/day and gait training with PBWSS for 15 minutes/day on floor for 6 days in week for 4 weeks.
Cadence, stride length and GMFCS were taken as outcome measure.Results: All subjects were in the mean
range of 6.33±0.81 in group A and 6.73±0.88 in group B. Both group showed positive difference in values
of cadence, stride length and GMFM. However, ground is more significant than treadmill.Conclusion: The
study concluded that a spastic CP child who has undergone intensive gait training with PBWSS on floor has
better beneficiary effect than PBWSS with treadmill training.
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