Relationship between Core Strength, Core Endurance and Balance in Folk Dancers – A Pilot Study


  • Swati Kubal
  • Vishakha Kadam



Core strength, Bent knee lowering test, core endurance, plank test ,balance, Star excursion balance test


Background: Dance performance requires lower extremity muscle strength and endurance, sufficient
core stabilization, dynamic balance during dance movements. Diminished core strength and core
endurance has been shown lead to a higher incidence of lower extremity injuries and to low back
injuries. Greater core muscle strength, increased core endurance and good dynamic balance have
been reported to be associated with reduced lower extremity injury risk. Still, the exact relationships
among these factors remain unclear. Most of studies have examined ballet and modern dancers but folk
dance is not studied adequately in the literature as different genres of dance have different physical
demands, it is important to examine whether the relationships among Core stability, balance, injuries,
and performance are similar across the various dance genres.
Objectives: Weak core and poor balance are said to be associated with lower limb and low back injuries.
Thus the correlation between core stabilization and balance need to be evaluated in details to reduce
the risk of injuries.
Methods: It is a cross-sectional observational study, with a total of 30 folk dancers. Core endurance
was measured by using plank tests and core strength was measured by the Bent Knee Lowering Test
(BKLT).Balance was measured via the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) which was co-related with
core strength and core endurance.
Conclusion: There is no correlation between core strength and balance in folk dancers. Core endurance
is weakly correlated with balance.

Author Biographies

Swati Kubal

Associate Professor, Physiotherapy School and center TNMC and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai Central,

Vishakha Kadam

Masters of Physiotherapy Student, Physiotherapy School and center TNMC and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai