Comparison of Single Task and Dual Task Balance Training on the Quality of Life of Elderly with Balance Impairment
Keywords:Elderly, Single Task, Dual Task, Tug, Bbs, Sf-36, Impaired Balance.
Background: Aging is the decline in efficiency of various physiological processes which is continues
and irreversible. The age related changes affect maintenance of balance control in steady state balance,
reactive balance and anticipatory balance. The purpose of the study was to find out the effectiveness of
single task and dual task balance training in improving the quality of life among elderly with impaired
Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of single and dual task training in improving the quality of
life of elderly with balance impairment and to compare the single and dual task balance training in
elderly with impaired balance
Study Design: Pre-post experimental study design
Method Thirty-four elderly adults with impaired balance were assigned into two groups, one group
underwent single task training and other dual task training of about 4 weeks. Baseline measurement
were taken pre and post training by using TUG, BBS and SF-36.
Results: Dual task training was more effective in improving quality of life and balance in elder adults
with impaired balance than the single task training. The TUG scores showed improvement in both the
groups. The group which performed dual task training showed significant difference from pre to post
measure that with mean 0.51(p=0.005). The single task training group showed an improvement of mean
0.337(p=0.069). The SF-36 score showed significant improvement in both the groups except certain
Conclusion: Dual task training improves quality of life and balance in elderly adults with impaired
balance than single task training.
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