A Systematic Review on the Effect of Physical Therapist Delivered Ergonomic Intervention on Workers in a Physically Taxing Workplace


  • Peter Leininger
  • Joshua Prall
  • Michael Ross




ergonomics, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, injury prevention, risk management.


Background: Musculoskeletal injuries have increased in the past decade, and this has caused a sequela
of pain and missed work time due to injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of
physical therapist delivered ergonomic intervention on workers in a physically taxing workplace. A
systematic review was performed, which evaluated changes in pain and functional status of injured
workers when ergonomic interventions were delivered by physical therapists. Methods: A literature
search of ProQuest Central, Science Direct, PubMed, Taylor and Francis and EbscoHost was conducted
using PEDro guidelines. The search limits and selection criteria were employed. A systematic review of
literature using PEDro guidelines was used. In total, six RCTs met the selection criteria. Conclusion:
Moderate to strong mixed evidence exists to show the effect physical therapist can have on providing
workplace solutions to improve function and decreases pain with employees in a physically taxing

Author Biographies

Peter Leininger

Assistant Professor/Researcher, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Scranton,237 Jefferson
Avenue, Scranton, PA 18510

Joshua Prall

Adjunct Professor/Researcher, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Scranton, 237 Jefferson Avenue, Scranton, PA 18510

Michael Ross

Associate Professor/Researcher, Department of Physical Therapy, Daemen College, 4380 Main Street, Amherst, NY 14226