Comparsion of the Effect on Balance Training with Foam Balance Activity and Tilt Board Exercise to Improve Fall Risk among Physically Active Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis Patients in Selected Places of Bengaluru
Keywords:Knee osteoarthritis; Balance; Foam balance; Wobble board.
Background and purpose: Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal complaints worldwide.
Individuals with knee OA display impairments in knee joint proprioception. Reduced balance function is
associated with an increased risk of falling. The aim of this study was to measure the balance between foam and tilt
board training among physically active chronic osteoarthritis patients and to compare the effectiveness of balance
training using proprioceptive tools like foam and tilt table among physically active chronic osteoarthritis patients.
Methods: This study included subjects between the ages of 40-70 years with chronic knee osteoarthritis and a body
mass index of 30 and above. Subjects were recruited based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. It was a comparative
study with 40 subjects divided into two groups of 20 each. Demographic data and other variables were collected
and recorded and measures like VAS, WOMAC, Functional reach test and Berg balance scale were used.
Results: The foam balance activity group as well as the wobble board exercise group showed effective improvements
clinically after the intervention. Comparison between groups did not show statistically significant improvement is
any one over the other but clinically significant improvements were seen more in the wobble board exercise group.
Conclusion: The study concludes that the wobble board exercise group subjects showed clinically better
improvements in balance and functional abilities when compared to the foam balance activity group subjects.
Comparison between both groups did not show statistically significant improvement.