Effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique on Haemodynamic Parameters and Functional Capacity in Subjects with Primary Hypertension

Effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique on Haemodynamic Parameters and Functional Capacity in Subjects with Primary Hypertension

Authors

  • Rachna Arora
  • Shruti Dhokpatil
  • Chhaya Verma
  • Girish Rajadhyaksha

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v16i3.18400

Keywords:

Hypertension; Buteyko Breathing Technique; slow breathing.

Abstract

The Buteyko Breathing Technique (BBT) has been found to be effective in the treatment of Asthma, Obstructive
Airway Disease and other diseases. Its effect on Hypertension has not been studied.
Aim and Objectives: To study the effect of Buteyko Breathing technique for 4 weeks on Hemodynamic parameters
and functional capacity in subjects with primary hypertension.
Methodology: Parallel group study design in which 66 subjects from Hypertension OPD of Tertiary Health Care
Centre were enrolled after taking their consent and Institutional Ethical approval. The subjects were randomly
allocated to Control (N=33) (receiving standard treatment of care) and Experimental (N=33) (receiving Buteyko
and standard treatment of care). Standard treatment of care included medication and educational videos on
Hypertension, its complications and management. Buteyko Breathing Technique included supervised session of
30 minutes using a video once in a week for 4 weeks. Subjects were informed to perform these exercises at home
daily.
Results: The experimental group showed a significant reduction in SBP (p=0.00), DBP (p=0.00), Resting HR (p=0.00)
and a significant improvement in Control Pause (p=0.00) and 6MWD (p=0.00). There was a mean reduction in SBP
of 8.6 + 6.31 mmHg (95% CI, 10.84- 6.36 mmHg) and in DBP of 4.606 + 4.34 mmHg (95% CI, 6.14-3.06mmHg).
Conclusion: Buteyko Breathing Technique has a positive effect on Haemodynamic parameters and functional
capacity in subjects with Essential Hypertension.

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Author Biographies

Rachna Arora

Assistant Professor, Topiwala National Medical College & B.Y.L. Nair Charitable Hospital, School of Physiotherapy, Dr. A.L. Nair road, near Mumbai central Station, Mumbai. 400008.

Shruti Dhokpatil

PG Student, Topiwala National Medical College & B.Y.L. Nair Charitable Hospital, School of Physiotherapy, Dr. A.L. Nair road, near Mumbai central Station, Mumbai. 400008.

Chhaya Verma

Tutor, Guidance, Topiwala National Medical College & B.Y.L. Nair Charitable Hospital, School of Physiotherapy, Dr. A.L. Nair road, near Mumbai central Station, Mumbai. 400008.

Girish Rajadhyaksha

Professor & Head of Unit, Topiwala National Medical College & B.Y.L. Nair Charitable Hospital, School of Physiotherapy, Dr. A.L. Nair road, near Mumbai central Station, Mumbai. 400008.

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Published

2022-08-09
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