Prevalence of Upper Quadrant Musculoskeletal Disorders among Healthcare Professionals in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • Ridham Sharma
  • Suman Mehra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v17i2.19233

Keywords:

upper quadrant musculoskeletal disorders, myofascial trigger points

Abstract

Background: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) are vulnerable to acquire musculoskeletal disorders during their
work routine. Shortage of HCPs, long working hours and mandatory overtime results in overburden on those
available, especially during pandemic such as in COVID -19. Objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence
of upper quadrant musculoskeletal disorders (UQMSDs) among HCPs.
Methodology: A total of 370 HCPs including doctors, dentists, physiotherapists and nurses were evaluated for
the presence of trigger points (TrPs) in upper trapezius, levator scapula, infraspinatus and sternocleidomastoid
muscles, severity of pain (NPRS), neck disability (NDI) and cervical and shoulder ROM (goniometer).
Results: The prevalence rate of UQMSDs was found to be high among HCPs. TrPs were more prevalent in upper
trapezius muscle (46.21%) followed by levator scapulae, infraspinatus and sternocleidomastoid muscles. 4.1% of
HCPs reported severe pain, 16.7% reported moderate pain and 48.36% reported mild pain in upper quadrant.
0.8% of HCPs had complete, 1.2% had severe, 5.3% had moderate and 37.6% had mild neck disability. The cervical
rotation and shoulder horizontal adduction ROM were found to be more restricted among HCPs.

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Author Biographies

  • Ridham Sharma

    PG Student, College of Physiotherapy, Pt. B.D.S, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, 

  • Suman Mehra

    Assistant Professor, College of Physiotherapy, Pt. B.D.S, University of Health Sciences,
    Rohtak, India.

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Published

2023-04-25

How to Cite

Prevalence of Upper Quadrant Musculoskeletal Disorders among Healthcare Professionals in a Tertiary Care Hospital. (2023). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 17(2), 51-59. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v17i2.19233