Effectiveness of Balance Training on Quality of Life among Osteoarthritis Knee

Authors

  • Dhanushiya Sarangapani
  • Kotteeswaran K

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ekb6rr93

Keywords:

Osteoarthritis, Balance, WOMAC, TUG, Quality of Life.

Abstract

Background of the Study: Osteoarthritis of knee is defined as a degenerative disorder of muscular and skeletal
region that causes pain, stiffness and increasing loss of function cause decreased Balance and Quality of Life (QoL).
Studies has also found that an increased chances of fall risk in patients with OA knee. Balance training impacts the
improvement of functional ability and the quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis knee.
Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate how well balance training affected the quality of life in
OA knees.
Methods: 30 participants with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who matched certain inclusion requirements participated
in the study. These subjects were randomly selected from two groups: Group A and B. Group A participated in
conventional exercises, while Group B received a combination of conventional exercises and balance training. To
assess the impact of the interventions, the Time Up and Go (TUG) test was used to gauge balance, and the subjects’
Quality of Life (QoL) was measured using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index
(WOMAC). These measurements were taken before and after the eight-week intervention period. During the
study, each treatment regimen was administered three times a week for a total of eight weeks. The purpose of this
research was likely to evaluate the effects of conventional exercises and balance training on balance and quality of
life in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.
Result: At the completion of the intervention session, subjects who had Balance training had statistically better
improvement of Balance and Quality of Life (QoL) , group B, WOMAC (mean=61.13, SD= 1.59) and p value=0.0001)
& TUG (mean=15.20, SD=2.41 and p value=0.0001).
Conclusion: The study concluded that the combination of conventional exercise with Balance training shows
better outcomes in improving quality of life among patients with knee OA.

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Author Biographies

  • Dhanushiya Sarangapani

    Post Graduate Student , Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical &
    Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

  • Kotteeswaran K

    Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

Effectiveness of Balance Training on Quality of Life among Osteoarthritis Knee. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 13-19. https://doi.org/10.37506/ekb6rr93