Effectiveness of Aerobic Training on Lung Volume, Exercise Capacity and Gait Speed in Individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease

Authors

  • Wasim Basha E
  • Saravan Kumar J
  • Rekha K
  • Kabilan R
  • Preethi G

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/n1513h72

Keywords:

Gait speed test scoring, 3-minute walk test, CKD, Aerobic training, Bed side cycling, Incentive Spirometry.

Abstract

Background: Kidney disease (CKD) is a disorder in which the kidneys have been damaged and are unable to
filter blood as effectively as they should. As a result, extra fluid and waste from the circulation linger in the body,
potentially leading to various health issues like heart disease and stroke. This also causes swelling in the lower
limb causing reduced mobility and altered lung volume. This reduction in mobility can be improved with exercise.
Aerobic training has been proved to be one of the most effective treatments for improving lung volume capacity.
Aerobic training using cycling exercise can improve both lung volume capacity and mobility together.
Purpose: To analyze the Effect of Aerobic training and lung volume and gait speed capacity in individuals with
chronic kidney disease.
Materials and Methods: Sixty individuals with chronic kidney disease were selected according to inclusion
and exclusion criteria in which 48 individuals completed the study and 12 quit. These individuals were treated
with bed side cycling and spirometry for 8 weeks, 1 session per day. Their Pretreatment Gait speed test scoring,
3-minute walk test, were recorded. After the treatment duration the same test was repeated.
Results: There is an Improvement in Gait speed and 3-minute walk test after giving incentive spirometry stage of
CKD Individuals. No adverse events were observed during and after the treatment.
Conclusion: Individuals with CKD need aerobic training to improve their lung volume capacity. The current
study concludes that there is an improvement in Gait speed and 3-minute walk test after the treatment session of
incentive spirometry and Bedside cycle ergometer.
Clinical Significance: This study’s clinical significance lies in assessing how aerobic training impacts lung volume
capacity in chronic kidney disease patients. Improved lung function may lead to better cardiovascular health,
enhanced quality of life, and reduced complications. These findings could support tailored exercise programs to
improve the well-being and overall health of individuals with chronic kidney disease.

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Author Biographies

  • Wasim Basha E

    Post Graduate, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Thandalam.

  • Saravan Kumar J

    Assistant ProfessorSaveetha College of Physiotherapy,Thandalam.

  • Rekha K

    Associate Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Thandalam

  • Kabilan R

    Tutor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Thandalam

  • Preethi G

    Tutor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy,Thandalam

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

Effectiveness of Aerobic Training on Lung Volume, Exercise Capacity and Gait Speed in Individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 201-207. https://doi.org/10.37506/n1513h72