Effectiveness of Eccentric Strengthening Exercises and Concentric Strengthening Exercises with IFT in Alleviating Symptoms Associated with Osteoarthritis Knee Patients
Keywords:Eccentric strengthening exercise, Concentric strengthening exercise, IFT, WOMAC scale, Osteoarthritis knee.
Background: The most prevalent condition that affects the articular cartilage and subchondral bone is osteoarthritis
of the knee. Most cases of knee osteoarthritis are seen in the medial tibiofemoral compartment. There is currently
no complete recovery for knee osteoarthritis.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of eccentric strengthening exercise and concentric
strengthening exercise with IFT in alleviating symptoms associated with OA knee patients.
Materials and Methods:36 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee are included in the trial. Before beginning the
study, an informed permission form was obtained from the subjects. Using the WOMAC scale, the pre- and posttest
values were calculated.The Concentric group with IFT and the Eccentric group with IFT were created. The
subjects received concentric exercises and eccentric exercises for 3 days a week and it was continued for 4 weeks.
For each session,3 sets and 10 repetition was given.
Result: The collected data was statistically analysed using a paired and unpaired t-test. When comparing the
eccentric group with the concentric group, the eccentric group indicates significant (p<0.0001)effect in lowering
the pain and improving the function of the knee as assessed by WOMAC scale.
Conclusion: According to the research, eccentric strengthening exercises combined with IFT are superior than
concentric strengthening exercises for lowering pain and enhancing patients’ functional activity.
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