Effectiveness of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Upper Extremity Functions in Stroke

Authors

  • Dhanalakshmi L
  • Jagatheesan Alagesan
  • Buvanesh A

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/pjqhy364

Keywords:

Stroke, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation, Constraint Induced Movement Therapy.

Abstract

Background: Stroke is the quickly developing clinical indication of a focal disruption of brain function that lasts
more than 24 hours or results in death, with no discernible cause other than vascular origin. Despite the fact that
the majority of patients are able to walk again, 30% to 60% of survivors are no longer able to use the arm that was
injured. CIMT aims at improves both the motor and functional capacities of a paretic arm. PNF exercises alter the
order in which muscles are stimulated, increases the efficiency of joint movement.
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy and Proprioceptive
Neuromuscular Facilitation for treating upper extremity functions in stroke.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 participants were selected from Sree Annai Physiotherapy Clinic Chennai.
According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects willing to participate were allocated into two groups
Constraint Induced Movement Therapy group and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation group. The
participants underwent Pre-test measurement with Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper Extremity FMA-UE and were
repeated for Post-test measurement. Study period : November 2022 to April 2023.
Results: When comparing the mean differences of the two groups, Constraint Induced Movement Therapy
group displays a greater difference than Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation group. Therefore, it can be
said that Constraint Induced Movement Therapy is more advantageous for the upper extremity functions than
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation.
Conclusion: The study concluded that Constraint Induced Movement Therapy is found to be more effective than
Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique for upper extremity function recovery.

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Author Biographies

  • Dhanalakshmi L

    Undergraduate, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Jagatheesan Alagesan

    Professor,  Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Buvanesh A

    Tutor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

Effectiveness of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Upper Extremity Functions in Stroke. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 465-469. https://doi.org/10.37506/pjqhy364