Effectiveness of Jacobson Relaxation Technique and Bhastrika Pranayama on Sleep Quality in Elderly Subjects
Keywords:Insomnia, Jacobson relaxation techniques, yoga technique,Insomnia severity index.
Background: Insomnia continues to be one of the most prevalent sleep disorders seen in geriatric clinic population.
It is typically characterized by the subjective complaints of trouble falling asleep, or experiencing nonrestorative
sleep. This study was developed to determine the effectiveness of Jacobson relaxation techniques and Bhastrika
pranayama on sleep quality in elderly subjects.
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of jacobson relaxation techniques and Bhastrika pranayama on sleep quality
in elderly subjects.
Materials and Methods: This study is an experimental study . A total of 86 people participated in the study
based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, the participants were chosen from the old age home . The subjects who
were willing to participate were divided into two separate groups as Group A (43 subjects) received jacobson
relaxation techniques and Group B (43 subjects) received Bhastrika pranayama. All the 86 subjects were assessed
with insomnia severity index scale. This techniques was given for 2 weeks , 5 days per week. Pre and post test
values were calculated and tabulated.Study period: November 2022 to June 2023.
Results: According to statistical analysis Jacobson relaxation techniques are effective in improving the sleep
quality in elderly subjects with p value of <0.0001.
Conclusion: This study finally concluded that Jacobson relaxation techniques have a higher impact “compared to
Bhastrika Pranayama ” in improving sleep quality in elderly subjects and also the quality of life in elderly subjects.
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