Effectiveness of Interferential Therapy with Hip Muscle Strengthening Exercises and Ultrasound Therapy with Hip Muscle Strengthening Exercises for Piriformis Syndrome
Keywords:Sciatic nerve, VAS, Buttock Pain, Stretching, FAIR test.
Background: Sciatic nerve irritation caused by the piriformis muscle ,which results in Buttock pain, sciatica, or both
is known as piriformis syndrome. The prevalence of PS with sciatic nerve piercing is 17% and 81% respectively,
while it was present in 17.2% suffering from low back discomfort.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find the effectiveness of interferential therapy with hip muscle strengthening
exercises and ultrasound therapy with hip muscle strengthening exercises for piriformis syndrome.
Materials and Methods: About 220 participants were selected by using FAIR test and visual analogue scale on
inclusion and exclusion criteria. Written informed consent was collected before the commencement of the study. The
220 participants were allocated into 2 groups. Interferential therapy group (n=110) and ultrasound therapy group
(n=110). Interferential therapy group were given interferential therapy with hip muscle strengthening exercises
and the ultrasound therapy group were given ultrasound therapy with hip muscle strengthening exercises. The
intervention was given 5 times a week for a total duration of 2 weeks. Study Period: October 2022-June 2023.
Results: The collected data was statistically analyzed using paired and unpaired t test, when comparing the
Interferential therapy group to the ultrasound therapy, the Interferential therapy group indicates significant
effects P<0.0001 in piriformis syndrome, as assessed by VAS.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the Interferential therapy group was found to be more effective than the
ultrasound therapy group in patients with Piriformis Syndrome.
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