Efficacy of Soft Tissue Manipulation for Primary Dysmenorrhea among Late Adolescent Girls
Keywords:Primary Dysmenorrhea, menstrual cramps, prostaglandin, stretching, soft tissue manipulation, menstruation.
Background: The most prevalent gynecological condition in young girls, dysmenorrhea, is experienced by over
50% of girls. The Myometrium’s hyperactivity and the co-occurrence of uterine ischemia are believed to be the
primary causes of pain. Prostaglandins seem to play a major role in the development of myometrial hyperactivity.
Soft tissue manipulation, a form of therapeutic tissue massage, may be beneficial for the treatment of dysmenorrhea,
according to the scant research on the subject and the personal clinical experience of one of the authors. This has
been suggested that therapeutic tissue massage, which involves applying pressure to soft tissues, is effective in
relieving menstrual discomfort. The entire process was performed from November 2022 to April 2023.
Purpose: The study aims to determine the efficacy of soft tissue manipulation for primary dysmenorrhea among
Materials and Methods: 62 subjects in total were chosen based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The Soft
tissue manipulation group (n=31) received treatment over the course of two sessions. The stretching group (n=31)
received treatment with 5 stretches in 2 sessions, each stretch lasting for 10 seconds of hold with a 3 seconds rest in
between. The material used were Couch, Pillow, Bedsheet, Petroleum Gel, Gloves, Yoga Mat, Sanitizer.
Result: The result showed significant improvement in minimizing symptoms of menstrual cramps among late
adolescent girls using soft tissue manipulation.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the effect of soft tissue manipulation was found to be more significant than
stretching in reducing primary dysmenorrhea.
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