The Effectiveness of Dry Needling in Patients with Piriformis Syndrome

Authors

  • R.Swetha
  • N. Senthil Kumar
  • Kumaresan A
  • Pavithra
  • Anitha
  • Muthu Kumaran
  • Jagatheesan Alagesan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/bygrjz17

Keywords:

Dry needling, interferential therapy, exercise, theraband, pain.

Abstract

Background: The research is on assessment of the effectiveness of dry needling in patients with piriformis syndrome.
It is a non discogenic form of sciatica brought on by piriformis muscle impingement on the sciatic nerve. It can be
responsible for 0.3% to 6.0% of all sciatica and low back pain cases. Post traumatic piriformis syndrome may occur
in patients who experience lumbar nerve-root compression symptoms and signs after receiving a forceful injury
to the buttock. Dry needling is a minimally invasive therapy by the insertion of tiny monofilament needles into
muscles, ligaments, tendons without the use of injectable substances.
Purpose: To find the effectiveness of dry needling in patients with piriformis syndrome.
Materials and Methods: Total of 356 participants were taken according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria
from new life phyio, shanthi physio and saravana ortho clinic.The participants were randomly allocated into two
groups, dry needling with theraband exercise group and IFT with theraband exercise group. The group A=178
participants and group B=178 participants. All the subjects underwent pretest measurement with NPRS in the
beginning of treatment. The study was quasi experimental study and the duration was about 4 weeks of June 2023.
Results: Statistical analysis of data showed significant differences not only in the dry needling group but also in
the conventional group. The dry needling group was significantly higher than the IFT group, with a p value of
<0.0001.
Conclusion: Dry needling is more effective than IFT in the piriformis syndrome.

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Author Biographies

  • R.Swetha

    Undergraduate, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • N. Senthil Kumar

    Assistant Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Kumaresan A

    Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Pavithra

    Tutor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Anitha

    Assistant Professor Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Muthu Kumaran

    Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  • Jagatheesan Alagesan

    Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

The Effectiveness of Dry Needling in Patients with Piriformis Syndrome. (2024). Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 18(5), 885-889. https://doi.org/10.37506/bygrjz17